基于卦型基元的高增益超材料微带天线拓扑优化
Topology Optimization of High-Gain Metamaterial Microstrip Antenna Based on Bagua Elements
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  卦型基元,微带天线,增益,遗传算法,拓扑优化
英文关键词:bagua elements, microstrip antenna, gain, genetic algorithm, topology optimization
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(11502075);汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新项目(2015XTZX0401);湖北汽车工业学院博士科研启动基金(BK201501);湖北省教育厅科学研究项目(B2019074)
作者单位
董焱章1,2,周精浩3,王永刚2 1. 汽车动力传动与电子控制湖北省重点实验室,十堰 442002
 2. 湖北汽车工业学院 汽车工程系,十堰 442002
3. 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司,杭州 310051 
摘要点击次数: 254
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      针对超材料微带天线在拓扑优化中存在基元结构复杂导致加工高精度要求等问题,本文提出了一种极简设计理念——卦型基元;并基于卦型基元完成了超材料微带天线的拓扑优化设计,在保证天线高增益性能的同时,超材料结构构型简洁从而具有良好的可制备性。超材料结构由固定的圆弧基元和变化的卦型基元组成,其中卦型基元中每条卦线对应一个设计变量,每个设计变量的取值规则为1 对应连续卦线、0 对应断口卦线。继而以天线增益最大化为目标函数、工作频率24 GHz 为约束建立超材料微带天线设计的拓扑优化模型;并基于遗传算法的求解策略分别研究了对称型和非对称型超材料微带天线算例。分析结果表明基于卦型基元的超材料微带天线增益均得以显著提高,且四重卦线基元结构具有更大的增益;超材料结构的对称性可以保证辐射方向为Z 轴主方向;样品制备效果验证了卦型基元超材料微带天线的良好制备性;对拓扑优化设计的深入分析发现,相比方格子基元,卦型基元设计更具有高效性。最后从天线的表面波角度阐释了其高增益性能的机理。
英文摘要:
      For the problems of high-precision processing requirements from complex elements′ structure in the topology optimization of metamaterial microstrip antenna, this paper proposes a minimalist design concept: the Bagua element; and the topology optimization design of the metamaterial microstrip antenna is completed based on the Bagua elements, which not only ensures the high gain performance of the antenna, but also has a simple metamaterial structure and good manufacturability. The metamaterial structure is composed of invariable arc elements and changed Bagua elements, and each Bagua line in Bagua elements corresponds to one design variable, which value rules are as follows: 1 corresponds to the continuous Bagua line, and 0 corresponds to the broken Bagua line. Then taking maximization of the antenna gain as the design objective, setting the working frequency of 24 GHz as constraint, a topology optimization model for the design of metamaterial microstrip antennas is established; and based on the solution strategy of genetic algorithm, the symmetric and asymmetric metamaterial microstrip antennas are studied respectively. The results show that the gain of metamaterial microstrip antennas based on Bagua elements can be significantly improved, moreover the metamaterial antenna of Bagua element with four lines has greater gain; and the symmetry of the metamaterial structure can ensure that the Z axis is the main direction of radiation direction; the sample results verify the good preparation of the Bagua element metamaterial microstrip antenna; from the in-depth analysis of topology optimization design it is found that the Bagua element design is more efficient, compared with the square lattice element. Finally, the mechanism of high-gain metamaterial microstrip antennas is explained from the perspective of the surface wave.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭